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Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol Ii Mon Khmer Siamese Chinese Families"

AHOM.    RELATIONSHIP TO KHlMTI 1KB

The difference hetween KMmti nd Shan is not so great as it looks, for both lan-
guages freely interchange n and /    It will he noticed that Siamese retains the d.

(c)  Ahom h usually remains nnchaogedj but sometimes appears in Khamti and Shaa
as ng.   Thus, Ahom, hit, an animal of the os species; Khamti and Shan, ngo; Siamese,
ngua,; Shan, also, wo.

(d)  Ahom,; becomes Khamti and Shan y    Thus,

Ihom
	Khirnti
	ShiQ.
	English

Jan
	. . .
	y&n
	ask.

jaw
	yau
	yew
	completion.

jSor w
	
	yu,
	abide.

(e) Ahom initial n becomes Khamti and Shan y.   Thus, 
			
Ihom.
	Khamti
	Shan.
	English.

Hang
	yfag
	ySng
	be

nung
	yig
	ying
	female,

(/) In Khamti and Shan, n and I are freely interchangeable    Hence we sometimes
find an Ahoin n represented by lt as in Ihom nwt a finger; Khamti Uu; Shan niu.
(g) Ahom r becomes h in Khamti and Shan.   Thus,

Ahom.
	Ehamtl.
	Sbsn,
	English

rai
	feai
	Isas
	lose

ffc
	
	%^
	compassion    Siamese r#k.

itLng
	h&ng
	^dn^
	a tail.

rting
	Mng
	7tangf
	shout.

raw
	ha.u
	Mia
	we.   Siamese rau

fd
	. . .
	Atfc
	call.   Siamese rt'fc.

ro
	to
	Tio
	head.   Siamese As.

run
	Jiun
	^ura
	Louse,   Siamese rlJen.

It will he seen that Siamese usually retains the r.
In other respects the phonology of Ahom agrees very closely with those of Khamti
and Shan.
Tones.Ahom, like the modern Tai Ianguages3 undoubtedly used tones. Not only
is this to be gathered from analogy, but there is a distinct tradition to the same effect.
Unfortunately, so far as I have been able to ascertain, tradition is silent as to what tones
were used with words, nor is there, as in Siamese, any system of indicating them in the
written character. It would be a vain task to attempt to show what tones were used
by quoting the analogy of the modern cognate forms of speech, fors in these, the same